The Global Centre for Pluralism analyzes both historical and contemporary pluralism experiences.Working with expert research partners, we seek to understand and learn from each situation as well as identify partnership opportunities. Over time, this in-depth work will support new global practices through knowledge exchange.
In June 2010, inter-ethnic violence erupted in Kyrgyzstan's southern province and city of Osh. Following the violence, the interim government of Roza Otunbayeva engineered the country's first democratic transition of power. Today Kyrgyzstan – a mountainous, multi-ethnic state in Central Asia which gained independence from the Soviet Union in 1991 – is struggling to balance the legacy of Soviet ideas about ethnic nation building with the challenges of civic inclusion.
Kenyans have been seeking fundamental constitutional change since the return to multiparty politics in 1991. The achievement of a new constitution in 2010 marked a victory in Kenya's long march toward both liberal democracy and greater pluralism. Implementing the constitution and its commitments to equality and inclusion will require Kenyans and their leaders to break with a past marred by inter-ethnic competition and violence.
The fabric of laws, policies and practices that support Canadian pluralism today emerged largely after the Second World War. Starting in the 1960s and 1970s, citizenship and immigration became more inclusive. In these decades, Canada became officially bilingual, adopted the world’s first multiculturalism policy, recognized aboriginal peoples as First Nations, and opened its doors to newcomers from around the world. Aided by a new constitution and charter of rights and freedoms adopted in 1982, respect for diversity is now a defining characteristic of Canadian civic identity and an intense source of national pride.